The Role of Pesticides in our Life
Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn in his novel named ‘One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich’ had written a paragraph about the belly mentioning that it is an ungrateful wretch, never remembers past favors and always wants more tomorrow.
The aggrandizement of human population in the past decade has escalated the demand for food production. Now too many people require to be fed or else there are more mouths to feed. Even if we look back to our own country’s history, right after independence there was a lot of scarcity in the food production. The primary sector of our economy which only includes agriculture in our country carries the vital responsibility for providing a sustainable amount of food grains to our people. In doing so the “GREEN REVOLUTION” introduced in the third five year plan (1961-1966) in our country’s economy was appraisable which led to the enormous production of very high yielding varieties of rice, wheat, maize and jowar. The tremendous increase in the production of food grains was very much required at that time. But after the Second World War every country had to sustain its citizens so new techniques were revolutionized for the enhancement in the food production and then there seemed to be no gearing back from it.
Thus the things which were greatly inhibiting the optimization of crops had to be eradicated and to do so the use of insecticides and pesticides were invented. The word “pest” includes those insects which destroy the crops, vegetables and fruits gravely. The thing which is of great concern here right now in our present time is the massive abuse of these chemicals. There have been many research and analysis going on in these fields and the findings and data they have shown are scary. The ‘Monitoring of Pesticide Residues in Products of Plant Origin in the European Union’ reported that the use of these chemicals not only kills the insects but leaves small amount of traces in the crops, vegetables and fruits too. Now these chemicals when penetrate our body will offer an inevitable harm. The use of prescribed drugs by the doctor will help us but who is going to rescue us from the poison which we take daily in small amounts. These chemicals seem to target our digestive system mainly gastrointestinal disorders and the function of liver, other than that respiratory problems, diabetes, reproductive problems and weak immune system. The most dreaded being cancer. Food poisoning also results from the accumulated chemicals in the food stuffs. In India, the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) looks after the use and abuse of insecticides and pest controls.
The use of these chemicals affects the environment and the wild life too. The chemicals have resulted in a wide extinction of some endangered species of the wild. It is the wild life which is more susceptible to the dangers of these new varieties of chemicals.
Though it is inevitable to do away with the use of insecticides and pesticides but we can always do a little to improve our condition.
- The first way is to pressurize the government and its agencies to control the abuse of such chemicals.
- It is the need of time that people have to be more organic in choosing things. Therefore in order to stay healthy it is of utmost important to eat food stuffs where the usage of such chemicals is meager or none.
- In matters of vegetables and fruits it is said that once soaking in salt water overnight will kill all the harmful micro-organisms.
- It is equally important to make sure which insecticides and to what amount have been used in the products one is purchasing.
- While working in one’s own field or mini garden it is very important to give attention to wearing high boots and gloves while spraying the insecticides. A mask around the mouth region would be more beneficial.
Some of the harmful insecticides found in food products are Dichloro diphenyl trichloroethane (DDT), Malathion, Dieldin, Chlorpyrifos-methyl, Pyridaben and many more.