Some Points on our National Flag “Tiranga” and its Origin


The feeling of oneness in our country, India with its diverse cultural background and varied ethnicity comes along with our national flag, the Tiranga which combines us all as a whole. Yes indeed the bond arising from the different varieties of culture, religion and ethnology is remarkable and much appreciated. The National flag being not just a flag is actually a representation or much a symbol of pride for us as Indians. The hardships and the sacrifices that were made by all those freedom fighters at the time much before the existence of our national flag is heart rendering and tremendous. Thus for any Indian, the look of the national flag is a recall of the past struggle made through those days and a feeling of patriotism itself releases.

The origin of our national flag dates back to the time when the constituent Assembly was constituted under the Cabinet Mission Plan in November 1946. The work of this assembly was to form different major and minor committees to form the constitution of India. Under one of these, a committee was set up as “Ad-hoc” committee headed by Dr. Rajendra Prasad to look into matters like our national flag.


Our national flag was designed by Suriaya Badruddin Tyabji wife of Badruddin Tyabji. The flag committee then gave its final approval on 17th July 1947. Thus on 22nd July 1947 the national flag was adopted. There was a series of alterations in the making of the national flag. In Nagpur in 1923, to protest against the Jallianwalla bagh massacre which took place in 1919 the first national flag which came to be known as the swaraj flag was flown and was designed by Pingali Venkayya.

The national flag is made up of four colors, the Indian Saffron at the top, the Indian green at the bottom and the white in the middle with the blue colored Ashok chakra. It is to be noted that all these colors have a deep meaning lying within themselves and is a symbol which represents not only virtues but is a reflection of our Preamble too.

The topmost color saffron depicts courage, righteousness, dignity, sacrifice, strength, wisdom and action of our country. This can be forecast with the bravery and intelligence of our Indian army along the borders of India. The Indian defense system has been a tough nut to crack by the infiltrators.

The lowermost color green symbolizes prosperity, fertility, growth, agriculture and how our country focuses upon vegetation to eliminate hungriness and poverty. The development of new high yielding varieties of seeds to improve agriculture can be seen from the “Green Revolution” which was started in the Five Year Plans Project in the past.

The middle color white is a symbol of peace in country which has such a diverse background. It stands for tranquility and respects all religion in our country. The aspect of secularism denoted in our Preamble as “SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC” has been illustrated in the white color of our national Flag.


Last but not the least the blue colored Ashok chakra which is a wheel with 24 spikes means the everlasting progress of our country. The wheel shows the progress which is continuous and not hindered by anything. The blue color also represents the blue sky and the blue sea.

With 2:3 in ration our national flag commonly referred as the Tiranga is a beauty on its own. It flies high up in the air with honour and dignity and gives us a strong message of what our country, India is build up of and we should always live up to it.