Most Essential Factors for Personality Development
Personality is more behavioral and less cognitive because we are recognized by the face we show to the world. Personality comprises of one’s behavior, nature, characteristics and attitude. Personality development, therefore, means an improvement in all these sphere.
There are different factors that can affect personality. Some of them are.
- Education – Education acts as the most powerful personal development tool. Education or the lack thereof plays a major role in the creation of one’s personality. Whether it’s a positive development or negative is another issue though.
- Family environment – Everyone learns their first lesson from their family. A child – during the initial growing years – blindly follows the footsteps of his parents without realizing that this is the starting point of his personality development. His values are shaped by family members, if he is subject to violence, he’ll incur a psychopathic penchant for violence.
- Culture – Culture plays a big role in personality development. Cultures that normalize domestic violence or violence against women are repressive in nature. People growing up in such cultures face a hard time rewiring their retrograde belief system. As Terence McKenna once said, “Culture is not your friend.”
- Religious thoughts – Religion is another important factor in personality development. Most people in this world are religiously affiliated. Culture and religion are often in tandem, sometimes in as much as they seem inseparable.
- School Environment – Schools acts as an important factor in molding the personality of the kids as a result of a significant part of a child’s life is spent in the class.
- Workplace environment – Workplace for adults is like school for children. Workplace enforces discipline in them, makes them punctual and builds the habit of completing the deliverables within the stipulated time-frame. Hence for good reason, workplace plays a crucial role in the development of personality.
- Social status – You can argue that status is perceived and not real. Maybe so, but even then, what we perceive as status affects a person’s nature and acts as a directly impacting factor for personality development. Just go to any social gathering and you can clearly see the difference between people with different status.
- Peer group – There are legitimate reasons “peer pressure” is an expression. The roadmap for personality development is not always linear. It can be non-linear with factors like peer pressure influencing it. The effect of peer pressure on personality development hasn’t been measured yet, but experts agree it’s one of the factors that determine personality development.
- Childhood memories – Childhood memories can be fairytales for some and horror for others. Personalities are different because so are childhood experiences. People often grow up with particular affliction which never really goes away, but becomes a permanent aspect in their personality.
- Gender difference – Gender plays an important role in the development of temperament and values. Boys are typically a lot more aggressive, adventurous and vigorous than girls who believe deeply in personal and emotional ties. Scientists believe it’s due to the hormone called Testosterone.
- Language – Language has always been a crucial vehicle by which society structured itself and culture was formed. Language and resulting communication styles pass on from generation to generation and shapes important cultural traits.
- Cultural shifts – Akin to cultural setting, cultural shifts impact individual’s values and personality development. A cultural shift takes around two decades to fully cement. It’s an embodiment of changes that includes traditions, ideals, and values. A cultural shift helps in changing individual and collective mindset and leaves a permanent impression on the child’s temperament.
- Social Role – A child plays not one or two but several other roles like the younger son, elder brother, student, an obedient student, a frisky lad in neighbor’s backyard and more. These social roles determine behavior and personality of a child.
- Intelligence & Nervous System – Intelligence can be hereditary and thus it affects one’s personality from a very early age. Changes in the neural system can also be hereditary.
- Psychological Factors -The skills to understand, to observe, to imagine, to suppose and to reason – these are the factors that determine how one’d react in a certain situation. Psychological growth continue to affect us, our temperament, mood changes, prejudices and overall personality development even after we grow up. A person with a confidence is ready to make choices a lot more quickly than others. Ever wondered why? Because he was positively affected by psychological factors.
These are some of the most essential factors behind personality development and have a direct (sometimes not so direct) effect on personality growth.
We have a tendency to consider the impact of hereditary, environmental and psychological factors on personality development separately. That’s a wrong approach. Their overall impact must be measured.