All you need to Know about Anxiety


How many times have you experienced that rapid heartbeat before going for some presentations, interviews or exams? Well, if your answer is positive then you might as well consider reading further. Let us first understand what anxiety is.

What is anxiety?

Anxiety is something that happens to all of us, or has happened at least once in a while. It may be defined as body’s reaction to certain circumstances, which is characterized by sudden fear of what might happen or how’s it going to be in the near future. People often get anxious before exams, interviews and in the state of unemployment. It may also occur in cases where you are ill or when moving somewhere without any planning.


Anxiety is absolutely normal at most of the cases but, sometimes it just gets out of your hand leading to its interference in your daily lifestyle. This in turn ruins your social circle and sends you into isolation for further disaster. So, it is very important to first understand it and then fight it.

What are its symptoms?

Symptoms differ from person to person. Some people may experience some changes in their psychology and emotions; while other may experience a range of physical effects life increased heart rate, sweating, worrying baselessly, shivering and false apprehension. These changes can be so distressing, that it often leads to people being more anxious.


Psychological effects of anxiety:

  • An overwhelming sense of fearful anticipation
  • lack of ability to concentrate
  • Continuous worrying
  • sharp alertness
  • trouble in sleep/insomnia

Physical effects of anxiety:

  • Tightness in chest
  • Chest pain/pounding heart
  • quick short breathing
  • Loss of appetite
  • Headaches/dizziness/numbness
  • Muscle tension and Sweating
  • Frequent Panic attacks
  • Frequent Urination

What is the main cause of Anxiety?

The cause varies from person to person. I’ve listed the few common causes below:


  1. Anxiety may occur after a long period of stress.
  2. Certain apprehension about the future/unstable life.
  3. Really bad experiences in the past and a fear to encounter it again.
  4. Family history, it may also be in your genes to worry dead much.
  5. Increased use of anti-depressants.
  6. Usage of Drugs (recreational drugs).
  7. Hyperactivity of Thyroid Gland.
  8. Work Pressure/stress

How to fight anxiety?

Tranquillizers and sleeping pills might be a temporary solution for severe anxiety cases but for long term results “talking treatments” is much more helpful in coping with anxiety.


Treatments include therapy and counseling. It will be much easier to treat a patient if he/she opens up and explains what he/she is experiencing and what is worrying him/her the most. CBT (Cognitive Behavioral Therapy) is really helpful in treating the patients. There are numerous counseling centers that deal with such cases.

Tips: Relaxation is the best ways to reduce anxiety. Although anxiety interferes with your thinking and decisive abilities, you should try as much as possible to take long deep breaths and just relax.